Current research in the field of Botany focuses on the cataloging of pteriodophytes (ferns) and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) of the province of Bozen/Bolzano. The goal is to catalog all of the flora of the province and thus to fill a century-old gap which has existed since the publication of the last standard work on South Tyrol (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1906-1912).
In order to clarify the genetic relationship between Alpine populations of Ephedra amongst themselves and to E. distachya found in the coastal regions of Western and Southern Europe, a research project was initiated in co-operation with the Berlin Free University.
The purpose of this super-regional project is to investigate how the neophyte flora within the historic boundaries of Tyrol has changed over the course of the last century.
South Tyrol and especially the Vinsch Valley (Val Venosta) are among those parts of the Alps in which the Formenkreis (a group of related allopatric species or subspecies) of the Wallis Fescue (Festuca valesiaca agg.) has attained an extremely wide morphological range. In addition to the diploid F. valesiaca and the hexaploid F. rupicola, recently, even octoploid forms (F. bauzanina) have been discovered.
In a project being conducted for several years, since 2001, the species of Wild Rose (Rosa spp.) native to South Tyrol have been surveyed, collected, and identified. The goal of these surveys is to determine which species are present and how widespread they are. This is based upon data from the general floristic mapping conducted since the 1960s, as well as upon focused surveys and collections from 2001, 2002, and 2005.
In addition to the general collection of the flora of South Tyrol, since 2000, efforts have concentrated on surveying the region's pteriodophytes (ferns). This was motivated in part by the super-regional project "Atlante corologico delle Pteridofite nell'Italia nordorientale" (www.museocivico.rovereto.tn.it), in which the Museum of Nature is actively involved.